scribbling (mark making) stage
babies that smear food are learning to scribble
pounding a marker on paper is an early variation of scribbling
a child that can grab your finger is old enough to hold a crayon for scribbling
how to work with children who scribble on walls
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Many authors and researchers in art education have written about the stages of artistic development.Viktor Lowenfeld made many observations and described the stages in his book, Creative and Mental Growth. The 4th edition of Creative and Mental Growth by Viktor Lowenfeld and W. Lambert Brittain. 1964 includes a summary with charts describing the development stages in Chapter 13. pages 395 to 402.